The real estate lease is one of the most used in the world, and many steps and formalities are required to carry out such a project. Thus, from the lease (mandatory articles of law, security deposits, security deposit, state of the premises …) to the type of rental chosen (furnished or empty, annual or seasonal, commercial or rental investment …) through all the rights and duties of each party, owner and tenant, here are summaries the main principles of this vast area represented by the rental, modelled and framed by the Civil Code, shaped by practice.
Real estate rental – generalities
Real estate rental is the real estate transaction that consists for a person, the tenant or taker, to receive the use and enjoyment of a property belonging to another person, the landlord or owner.
These are real estate contracts for detached houses, apartments, villas, furnished or unfurnished residences, etc.
There are different types of rentals, empty rentals, seasonal rentals, for example on holiday accommodation, but also rentals for professional use, flat share (developing).
It is a real estate transaction for a fee. There are many rental costs for both the landlord and the tenant.
The tenant must pay rent to the landlord, corresponding to the price charged for the type of rent, depending on the type of rental, the standard of the building, and the duration of the rental.
The lease agreement is referred to as a “lease agreement”: an owner, known as “the lessor,” gives his property in enjoyment to another person, called “the taker.”
It is a contract of provision formalized by the lease. The taker thus has no property rights or, in principle, any real right to the rented property. It has only a so-called “personal” right.
It’s a fixed-term contract.
(Note that the emphyteutic lease, which is a very long lease, has special rules).